Opus
Opus audio codec (RFC 6716): API and operations manual
1.3-rc-22-g4a643d98
Typedefs | Functions
Opus Decoder

This page describes the process and functions used to decode Opus. More...

Typedefs

typedef struct OpusDecoder OpusDecoder
 Opus decoder state. More...
 

Functions

int opus_decoder_get_size (int channels)
 Gets the size of an OpusDecoder structure. More...
 
OpusDecoderopus_decoder_create (opus_int32 Fs, int channels, int *error)
 Allocates and initializes a decoder state. More...
 
int opus_decoder_init (OpusDecoder *st, opus_int32 Fs, int channels)
 Initializes a previously allocated decoder state. More...
 
int opus_decode (OpusDecoder *st, const unsigned char *data, opus_int32 len, opus_int16 *pcm, int frame_size, int decode_fec)
 Decode an Opus packet. More...
 
int opus_decode_float (OpusDecoder *st, const unsigned char *data, opus_int32 len, float *pcm, int frame_size, int decode_fec)
 Decode an Opus packet with floating point output. More...
 
int opus_decoder_ctl (OpusDecoder *st, int request,...)
 Perform a CTL function on an Opus decoder. More...
 
void opus_decoder_destroy (OpusDecoder *st)
 Frees an OpusDecoder allocated by opus_decoder_create(). More...
 
int opus_packet_parse (const unsigned char *data, opus_int32 len, unsigned char *out_toc, const unsigned char *frames[48], opus_int16 size[48], int *payload_offset)
 Parse an opus packet into one or more frames. More...
 
int opus_packet_get_bandwidth (const unsigned char *data)
 Gets the bandwidth of an Opus packet. More...
 
int opus_packet_get_samples_per_frame (const unsigned char *data, opus_int32 Fs)
 Gets the number of samples per frame from an Opus packet. More...
 
int opus_packet_get_nb_channels (const unsigned char *data)
 Gets the number of channels from an Opus packet. More...
 
int opus_packet_get_nb_frames (const unsigned char packet[], opus_int32 len)
 Gets the number of frames in an Opus packet. More...
 
int opus_packet_get_nb_samples (const unsigned char packet[], opus_int32 len, opus_int32 Fs)
 Gets the number of samples of an Opus packet. More...
 
int opus_decoder_get_nb_samples (const OpusDecoder *dec, const unsigned char packet[], opus_int32 len)
 Gets the number of samples of an Opus packet. More...
 
void opus_pcm_soft_clip (float *pcm, int frame_size, int channels, float *softclip_mem)
 Applies soft-clipping to bring a float signal within the [-1,1] range. More...
 

Detailed Description

This page describes the process and functions used to decode Opus.

The decoding process also starts with creating a decoder state. This can be done with:

int error;
dec = opus_decoder_create(Fs, channels, &error);

where

While opus_decoder_create() allocates memory for the state, it's also possible to initialize pre-allocated memory:

int size;
int error;
size = opus_decoder_get_size(channels);
dec = malloc(size);
error = opus_decoder_init(dec, Fs, channels);

where opus_decoder_get_size() returns the required size for the decoder state. Note that future versions of this code may change the size, so no assuptions should be made about it.

The decoder state is always continuous in memory and only a shallow copy is sufficient to copy it (e.g. memcpy())

To decode a frame, opus_decode() or opus_decode_float() must be called with a packet of compressed audio data:

frame_size = opus_decode(dec, packet, len, decoded, max_size, 0);

where

opus_decode() and opus_decode_float() return the number of samples (per channel) decoded from the packet. If that value is negative, then an error has occurred. This can occur if the packet is corrupted or if the audio buffer is too small to hold the decoded audio.

Opus is a stateful codec with overlapping blocks and as a result Opus packets are not coded independently of each other. Packets must be passed into the decoder serially and in the correct order for a correct decode. Lost packets can be replaced with loss concealment by calling the decoder with a null pointer and zero length for the missing packet.

A single codec state may only be accessed from a single thread at a time and any required locking must be performed by the caller. Separate streams must be decoded with separate decoder states and can be decoded in parallel unless the library was compiled with NONTHREADSAFE_PSEUDOSTACK defined.

Typedef Documentation

◆ OpusDecoder

typedef struct OpusDecoder OpusDecoder

Opus decoder state.

This contains the complete state of an Opus decoder. It is position independent and can be freely copied.

See also
opus_decoder_create,opus_decoder_init

Function Documentation

◆ opus_decode()

int opus_decode ( OpusDecoder st,
const unsigned char *  data,
opus_int32  len,
opus_int16 pcm,
int  frame_size,
int  decode_fec 
)

Decode an Opus packet.

Parameters
[in]stOpusDecoder*: Decoder state
[in]datachar*: Input payload. Use a NULL pointer to indicate packet loss
[in]lenopus_int32: Number of bytes in payload*
[out]pcmopus_int16*: Output signal (interleaved if 2 channels). length is frame_size*channels*sizeof(opus_int16)
[in]frame_sizeNumber of samples per channel of available space in pcm. If this is less than the maximum packet duration (120ms; 5760 for 48kHz), this function will not be capable of decoding some packets. In the case of PLC (data==NULL) or FEC (decode_fec=1), then frame_size needs to be exactly the duration of audio that is missing, otherwise the decoder will not be in the optimal state to decode the next incoming packet. For the PLC and FEC cases, frame_size must be a multiple of 2.5 ms.
[in]decode_fecint: Flag (0 or 1) to request that any in-band forward error correction data be decoded. If no such data is available, the frame is decoded as if it were lost.
Returns
Number of decoded samples or Error codes

◆ opus_decode_float()

int opus_decode_float ( OpusDecoder st,
const unsigned char *  data,
opus_int32  len,
float *  pcm,
int  frame_size,
int  decode_fec 
)

Decode an Opus packet with floating point output.

Parameters
[in]stOpusDecoder*: Decoder state
[in]datachar*: Input payload. Use a NULL pointer to indicate packet loss
[in]lenopus_int32: Number of bytes in payload
[out]pcmfloat*: Output signal (interleaved if 2 channels). length is frame_size*channels*sizeof(float)
[in]frame_sizeNumber of samples per channel of available space in pcm. If this is less than the maximum packet duration (120ms; 5760 for 48kHz), this function will not be capable of decoding some packets. In the case of PLC (data==NULL) or FEC (decode_fec=1), then frame_size needs to be exactly the duration of audio that is missing, otherwise the decoder will not be in the optimal state to decode the next incoming packet. For the PLC and FEC cases, frame_size must be a multiple of 2.5 ms.
[in]decode_fecint: Flag (0 or 1) to request that any in-band forward error correction data be decoded. If no such data is available the frame is decoded as if it were lost.
Returns
Number of decoded samples or Error codes

◆ opus_decoder_create()

OpusDecoder* opus_decoder_create ( opus_int32  Fs,
int  channels,
int *  error 
)

Allocates and initializes a decoder state.

Parameters
[in]Fsopus_int32: Sample rate to decode at (Hz). This must be one of 8000, 12000, 16000, 24000, or 48000.
[in]channelsint: Number of channels (1 or 2) to decode
[out]errorint*: OPUS_OK Success or Error codes

Internally Opus stores data at 48000 Hz, so that should be the default value for Fs. However, the decoder can efficiently decode to buffers at 8, 12, 16, and 24 kHz so if for some reason the caller cannot use data at the full sample rate, or knows the compressed data doesn't use the full frequency range, it can request decoding at a reduced rate. Likewise, the decoder is capable of filling in either mono or interleaved stereo pcm buffers, at the caller's request.

◆ opus_decoder_ctl()

int opus_decoder_ctl ( OpusDecoder st,
int  request,
  ... 
)

Perform a CTL function on an Opus decoder.

Generally the request and subsequent arguments are generated by a convenience macro.

Parameters
stOpusDecoder*: Decoder state.
requestThis and all remaining parameters should be replaced by one of the convenience macros in Generic CTLs or Decoder related CTLs.
See also
Generic CTLs
Decoder related CTLs

◆ opus_decoder_destroy()

void opus_decoder_destroy ( OpusDecoder st)

Frees an OpusDecoder allocated by opus_decoder_create().

Parameters
[in]stOpusDecoder*: State to be freed.

◆ opus_decoder_get_nb_samples()

int opus_decoder_get_nb_samples ( const OpusDecoder dec,
const unsigned char  packet[],
opus_int32  len 
)

Gets the number of samples of an Opus packet.

Parameters
[in]decOpusDecoder*: Decoder state
[in]packetchar*: Opus packet
[in]lenopus_int32: Length of packet
Returns
Number of samples
Return values
OPUS_BAD_ARGInsufficient data was passed to the function
OPUS_INVALID_PACKETThe compressed data passed is corrupted or of an unsupported type

◆ opus_decoder_get_size()

int opus_decoder_get_size ( int  channels)

Gets the size of an OpusDecoder structure.

Parameters
[in]channelsint: Number of channels. This must be 1 or 2.
Returns
The size in bytes.

◆ opus_decoder_init()

int opus_decoder_init ( OpusDecoder st,
opus_int32  Fs,
int  channels 
)

Initializes a previously allocated decoder state.

The state must be at least the size returned by opus_decoder_get_size(). This is intended for applications which use their own allocator instead of malloc.

See also
opus_decoder_create,opus_decoder_get_size To reset a previously initialized state, use the OPUS_RESET_STATE CTL.
Parameters
[in]stOpusDecoder*: Decoder state.
[in]Fsopus_int32: Sampling rate to decode to (Hz). This must be one of 8000, 12000, 16000, 24000, or 48000.
[in]channelsint: Number of channels (1 or 2) to decode
Return values
OPUS_OKSuccess or Error codes

◆ opus_packet_get_bandwidth()

int opus_packet_get_bandwidth ( const unsigned char *  data)

Gets the bandwidth of an Opus packet.

Parameters
[in]datachar*: Opus packet
Return values
OPUS_BANDWIDTH_NARROWBANDNarrowband (4kHz bandpass)
OPUS_BANDWIDTH_MEDIUMBANDMediumband (6kHz bandpass)
OPUS_BANDWIDTH_WIDEBANDWideband (8kHz bandpass)
OPUS_BANDWIDTH_SUPERWIDEBANDSuperwideband (12kHz bandpass)
OPUS_BANDWIDTH_FULLBANDFullband (20kHz bandpass)
OPUS_INVALID_PACKETThe compressed data passed is corrupted or of an unsupported type

◆ opus_packet_get_nb_channels()

int opus_packet_get_nb_channels ( const unsigned char *  data)

Gets the number of channels from an Opus packet.

Parameters
[in]datachar*: Opus packet
Returns
Number of channels
Return values
OPUS_INVALID_PACKETThe compressed data passed is corrupted or of an unsupported type

◆ opus_packet_get_nb_frames()

int opus_packet_get_nb_frames ( const unsigned char  packet[],
opus_int32  len 
)

Gets the number of frames in an Opus packet.

Parameters
[in]packetchar*: Opus packet
[in]lenopus_int32: Length of packet
Returns
Number of frames
Return values
OPUS_BAD_ARGInsufficient data was passed to the function
OPUS_INVALID_PACKETThe compressed data passed is corrupted or of an unsupported type

◆ opus_packet_get_nb_samples()

int opus_packet_get_nb_samples ( const unsigned char  packet[],
opus_int32  len,
opus_int32  Fs 
)

Gets the number of samples of an Opus packet.

Parameters
[in]packetchar*: Opus packet
[in]lenopus_int32: Length of packet
[in]Fsopus_int32: Sampling rate in Hz. This must be a multiple of 400, or inaccurate results will be returned.
Returns
Number of samples
Return values
OPUS_BAD_ARGInsufficient data was passed to the function
OPUS_INVALID_PACKETThe compressed data passed is corrupted or of an unsupported type

◆ opus_packet_get_samples_per_frame()

int opus_packet_get_samples_per_frame ( const unsigned char *  data,
opus_int32  Fs 
)

Gets the number of samples per frame from an Opus packet.

Parameters
[in]datachar*: Opus packet. This must contain at least one byte of data.
[in]Fsopus_int32: Sampling rate in Hz. This must be a multiple of 400, or inaccurate results will be returned.
Returns
Number of samples per frame.

◆ opus_packet_parse()

int opus_packet_parse ( const unsigned char *  data,
opus_int32  len,
unsigned char *  out_toc,
const unsigned char *  frames[48],
opus_int16  size[48],
int *  payload_offset 
)

Parse an opus packet into one or more frames.

Opus_decode will perform this operation internally so most applications do not need to use this function. This function does not copy the frames, the returned pointers are pointers into the input packet.

Parameters
[in]datachar*: Opus packet to be parsed
[in]lenopus_int32: size of data
[out]out_tocchar*: TOC pointer
[out]frameschar*[48] encapsulated frames
[out]sizeopus_int16[48] sizes of the encapsulated frames
[out]payload_offsetint*: returns the position of the payload within the packet (in bytes)
Returns
number of frames

◆ opus_pcm_soft_clip()

void opus_pcm_soft_clip ( float *  pcm,
int  frame_size,
int  channels,
float *  softclip_mem 
)

Applies soft-clipping to bring a float signal within the [-1,1] range.

If the signal is already in that range, nothing is done. If there are values outside of [-1,1], then the signal is clipped as smoothly as possible to both fit in the range and avoid creating excessive distortion in the process.

Parameters
[in,out]pcmfloat*: Input PCM and modified PCM
[in]frame_sizeint Number of samples per channel to process
[in]channelsint: Number of channels
[in,out]softclip_memfloat*: State memory for the soft clipping process (one float per channel, initialized to zero)
For more information visit the Opus Website.